advisors had developed a “party line” that Trump had no business with Russia and no connections to Russia.45 In addition to denying any‘connections with Russia, the Trump Campaign reacted to reports of Russian election interference in aid of the Campaign by seeking to distance itself from Russian contacts. For example, in August 2016, foreign policy advisor JD. Gordon declined an invitation to Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak’s residence because the timing was “not optimal” in view of media reports about Russian interference.46 On August 19, 2016, Manafort was asked to resign amid media coverage scrutinizing his ties to a prouRussian political party in Ukraine and links to Russian business/47 And when the media published stories about Page’s connections to Russia in September 2016, Trump Campaign ofﬁcials terminated Page’s association with the Campaign and told the press that he had played “no role” in the Campaign.48 On October 7, 2016, WikiLeaks released the ﬁrst set of emails stolen by a Russian intelligence agency from Clinton Campaign chairman John Podesta.49 The same day, the federal government announced that “the Russian Government directed the recent compromises of e-mails from US persons and institutions, including from US political organizations.”50 The government statement directly linked Russian hacking to the releases on WikiLeaks, with the goal of interfering with the presidential election, and concluded “that only Russia’s senior-most ofﬁcials could have authorized these activities” based on their “scope and sensitivity.”51 On October 11, 2016, Podesta stated publicly that the FBI was investigating Russia’s hacking and said that candidate Trump might have known in advance that the hacked emails were going to be released.52 Vice Presidential Candidate Mike Pence was asked whether the Trump 45 Cohen 11/20/18 302, at 1; Cohen 9/18/18 302, at 3-5. The formation of the “party line” is described in greater detail in Volume II, Section 11.81, infra. 46 DJTFP00004953 (8/8/16 Email, Gordon to Pchelyakov) (stating that “[t]hese days are not optimal for us, as we are busily knocking down a stream of false media stories”). The invitation and Gordon’s response are discussed in Volume 1, Section IV.A.7.a, supra. 47 See, e.g., Amber Phillips, Paul Manafort’s complicated ties to Ukraine, explained, Washington Post (Aug. 19, 2016) (“There were also a wave of fresh headlines dealing with investigations into [Manafort’s] ties to a pro-Russian political party in Ukraine”); Tom Winter & Ken Dilanian, Donald Trump Aide Paul Manafort Scrutim'zed for Russian Business T z'es, NBC (Aug. 18, 2016). Relevant events involving Manafort are discussed in Volume 1, Section IV.A.8, supra. 48 Michael Isikoff, U.S. intel oﬂicials probe ties between T rump adviser and Kremlin, Yahoo News (Sep. 23, 2016); see, eg, 9/25/16 Email, Hicks to Conway & Bannon; 9/23/16 Email, J. Miller to Bannon & S. Miller; Page 3/16/17 302, at 2. ‘9 @WikiLeaks 10/7/16 (4:32 pm. ET) Tweet. 5° Joint Statement from the Department Of Homeland Security and Ofﬁce of the Director of National Intelligence on Election Security, DHS (Oct. 7, 2016). 51 Joint Statement from the Department Of Homeland Security and Ofﬁce of the Director of National Intelligence on Election Security, DHS (Oct. 7, 2016). 52 John Wagner & Anne Gearan, Clinton campaign chairman ties email hack to Russians, suggests Trump had early warning, Washington Post (Oct. 1 l, 2016). an , ,» Mwaxwwr c.- 9.277ﬂwat; y» o w «e'WWsa/a .
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