SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGN The ﬁrst form of Russian election inﬂuence came principally from the Internet Research
Agency, LLC (IRA), a Russian organization funded by Yevgeniy Viktorovich Prigozhin and companies he
controlled, including Concord Management and Consulting LLC and Concord Catering (collectively “Concord
Internet Research Agency, at at, 1:18-cr-32 (D.D.C.
Feb. 16, 2018), Doc. 1 (“Internet Research Agency Indictment”). 5 Internet Research A enc Indictment
Research LLC in furtherance of his search for the deleted Clinton emails.275 One of the purposes of
KLS Research was to manage the funds Smith raised in support of his initiative.276 KLS Research received
Research LLC, 7/26/17— Szobocsan 3/29/ 18 302, at 2. 276 Szobocsan 3/29/18 302, at 3. 277 Financial
Institution Record of Peter Smith and KLS Research LLC, 10/31/17 - — tan/1.1M, 3mm...— 278 Tait 8/
Research, LLC, “Clinton Email Reconnaissance Initiative,” Sept. 9, 2016). 63
returned an indictment charging 13 Russian nationals and three Russian entities—including the Internet Research
Agency (IRA) and Concord Management and Consulting LLC (Concord)———with violating U.S. criminal laws
Internet Research Agency Indictment.
Concord Management & Consulting LLC, 347 F. Supp. 3d 38 (D.D.C. 2018). United States v.
Concord Management & Consulting LLC, 317 F. Supp. 3d 598 (D.D.C. 20] 8).
These authorities would support the view that candidate-related opposition research given to a campaign
Political campaigns frequently conduct and pay for opposition research.
A foreign entity that engaged in such research and provided resulting information to a campaign could
the same time, no judicial decision has treated the voluntary provision of uncompensated opposition research
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